A Look at California Marijuana Laws – National, State, Native
Regardless of the availability of labor, clearing the land could possibly be used more profitably to develop flour crops important for survival. An equally formidable downside was the Catholic Church. Since hemp was exempt from tithes, the Catholic clergy refused to encourage their parishioners to develop hemp. Even if they had the time and could, the French Canadians would not have listened to the pleas of the English. In Nova Scotia, the hemp shortage became so acute that the legislature complained that hangings needed to be delayed. Not easily discouraged, Parliament offered a deal to James Campbell and Charles Grece, two specialists in hemp production. Should they both plant twenty-five acres of land with hemp with hemp during their first 12 months of settling in Canada and settle to continue cultivating on a scale deemed acceptable to Native authorities thereafter, and will they also be willing to show the settlers the more subtle factors of hemp production and serve as inspectors of all finished hemp, they could be sure of a purchase worth forty-three pounds per ton of whatever hemp they grew, for five years.
Despite these efforts, England received only token amounts of hemp from settlers in Canada. After the American Revolution and the loss of its southern colonies, England redoubled its efforts to promote the manufacture of hemp in Canada. In 1790, 2,000 bushels of Russian hemp seeds were released in Quebec and distributed free to all agricultural districts in the province. Only fifteen farmers confirmed any curiosity. By 1800, Russia was charging sixty-one pounds per ton for hemp. England reacted by urging its governors to offer more rewards. A PR campaign of guys was also started claiming that hemp was a useful product for both the colony and the mother country. If hemp production increases, there may be extra money and more jobs. The standard of living would rise. Prosperity was within the reach of every colonist if he only devoted his efforts to growing hemp. The appeal fell on deaf ears. There were simply too few people to work in the hemp fields.
Cuadrado and a friend started growing hemp in Mexico and were very successful at it. In 1550, however, the Spanish governor forced the two entrepreneurs to limit production because the natives were beginning to use the plants for something other than rope. In the 18th century, Spain's financial system began to collapse dramatically and she began to peek into her colonies. In 1777, several hemp consultants were sent to various colonial outposts in Spanish America to teach the inhabitants the positive points of raising and preparing hemp for the market. Three years later, private orders from the king instructed all the viceroys to encourage the production of hemp throughout New Spain. In Mexico, authorities decided that the province of California may be a perfect place to start growing hemp. However, despite requests for cooperation from church prelates, missions and parish farmers preferred to raise food crops and livestock to hemp. When no hemp arrived for shipment to Spain, consultants were sent to California to educate people on how hemp can be grown and prepared for the market.
Like their English rivals, when the French claimed North America in the 16th century, they too envisioned the new world as a vast depot of naval supplies, especially hemp and lumber. These hopes have been fueled by reviews from his early explorers comparable to Jacques Cartier who, like many others, had confused Acnida cannabina with Cannabis sativa. However, unlike the English, the French did not have to import hemp. They wanted more so they could promote it in different international venues. The oldest record of hemp enemies in France dates back to 200 BC. C., when the Greeks brought hemp from the Rhone Valley to equip their ships. The manufacture of French fabrics from hemp is almost as historic. The export of hemp abroad began throughout the 15th century. In the 16th century, France was said to possess "two magnets" that attracted thewealth of Europe. One of them was wheat.
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